Job safety analysis(JSA) also referred to as job hazard analysis is the process that involves analyzing a given job in order to identify the risks involved and establish how to control them. There are always various dangers posed to every step of any job and this is what job safety analysis aims at establishing in order to recommend suitable measures. There are greater problems that may arise due to unidentified hazards in the workplace and therefore identifying them is very important as it helps you think of measures to avoid these problems.
There are a number of steps that one should follow when preparing a job hazard analysis. The steps involved in the job should first be identified. This helps you to clearly understand what the job is all about. In order to make the job hazard analysis easy to understand, one should avoid making the steps too detailed. The second step involves identifying the dangers that every step of the job may be posed to. In this step think of how every way that things could go wrong.
Possible causes of these dangers would be the materials being used, the environment or the people working. One may also consider looking into a number of other factors. They include, instructions from equipment manufacturer’s, legislation requirements and how past injuries occurred. For every hazard, controls are determined and this is what the third step involves. Through controls dangers are completely done away with or the risk of injury reduced.
A good job hazard can be developed through the three steps explained. Sharing of the job hazard analysis with the workers is the next step to follow. Let your workers understand every detail in the job safety analysis and review it with them. This will create awareness and also help your workers to identify what is required of them. In this process the workers can also feel free to raise their concerns. This step is crucial because if the workers do not have knowledge of the JSA then it is not likely to be effective.
Changes may be made to the JSA due to changes in the working conditions around the workplace and this should be discussed with the workers as well.
It is only a competent person who should conduct the analysis for you. This is because a competent analyst has idea and knowledge of hazards that should be identified and their suitable recommendations as well. In order to avoid unnecessary costs that may be caused by damages caused by these hazards, it is important to always have a good JSA. An organization is also likely to experience increased output because through a good JSA, the dangers the workers are exposed to are minimized and this brings a sense of safety.
In order to conduct an effective JSA, every organization should consider following the steps explained.